Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment / Climate / Range
Northern Pacific and Atlantic Ocean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 616.00 g (Ref. 356)
Culmen: 3.59 cm; tarsus: 4.02 cm; wing: 33.8 cm.
Total Length: 40 to 46 cm; Wingspan: 104 to 117 cm (Ref. 8812). Dipping; surface plunging; continental shelf (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): -1.3 - 2.5, mean 0.2 (based on 208 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100)