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Palaemonetes pugio   Holthuis, 1949

daggerblade grass shrimp
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Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palaemonidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Williams, A.B., L.G. Abele, D.L. Felder, H.H. Hobbs Jr., R.B. Manning, P.A. McLaughlin and I. Pérez Farfante. 1988. (Ref. 2214)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 2823)

Environment
Benthic; brackish; pH range: 0.0 - 55.0; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 97531)

Climate / Range
Subtropical; 5°C - 38°C (Ref. 82139)

Distribution
Western Atlantic and the Arctic.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Often found near underwater structures and dense stands of aquatic macrophytes in shallow areas of estuaries. Movement and distributional patterns likely influenced by both photoperiod and tidal cycles. Mainly detritivorous; also feeds on epiphytic microalgae and prey on meiofauna and small infaunal polychaetes, oligochaetes, nematodes, epiphytic fauna, and mysids. Preyed upon by various estuarine fishes and other aquatic carnivores. Host to numerous species of parasites and ectocommensals, primarily coccidia, microsporidians, trematodes, isopods, and leeches (Ref. 96311). During the spawning season, the female molts and becomes receptive to the male. Copulation occurs within 7 hours after molting. Ova are externally fertilized on the ventral surface of the female abdomen. Fecundity is between 247 to 486 eggs per female. Eggs hatch 12 to 60 days after fertilization. After spawning, the female molts again. Larvae are planktonic and feed on zooplankton, algae, and detritus (Ref. 96311).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high