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Palaemonetes vulgaris   (Say, 1818)

marsh grass shrimp
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Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palaemonidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Williams, A.B., L.G. Abele, D.L. Felder, H.H. Hobbs Jr., R.B. Manning, P.A. McLaughlin and I. Pérez Farfante. 1988. (Ref. 2214)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age

Environment
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 97531)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Western Atlantic: USA and Canada. The Arctic. Tropical to polar climates of northern hemisphere.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Often found near underwater structures and dense stands of aquatic macrophytes in shallow areas of estuaries. During the spawning season, the female molts and becomes receptive to the male. Copulation occurs within 7 hours after molting. Ova are externally fertilized on the ventral surface of the female abdomen. Fecundity is between 247 to 486 eggs per female. Eggs hatch 12 to 60 days after fertilization. After spawning, the female molts again. Larvae are planktonic and feed on zooplankton, algae, and detritus. Movement and distributional patterns likely influenced by both photoperiod and tidal cycles. Mainly detritivorous; also feeds on epiphytic microalgae and prey on meiofauna and small infaunal polychaetes, oligochaetes, nematodes, epiphytic fauna, and mysids. Preyed upon by various estuarine fishes and other aquatic carnivores. Host to numerous species of parasites and ectocommensals, primarily coccidia, microsporidians, trematodes, isopods, and leeches (Ref. 96311). Also on seagrasses and submerged vegetation (Ref. 97531). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

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Ecosystems
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Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high