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Palinurus gilchristi   Stebbing, 1900

Southern spiny lobster
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Image of Palinurus gilchristi (Southern spiny lobster)
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Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 16.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); 31 cm BL (female)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 50 - 360 m (Ref. 4)

Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 24°S - 36°S, 17°E - 48°E (Ref. 4)

Distribution
Western Indian Ocean and Southeast Atlantic: South Africa and Madagascar.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Carapace length: 3 to 13 cm, carapace length; common carapace length: 6 to 10 cm (Ref. 4). Minimum depth from Ref. 106916. Found in deep shelf waters from depth of 50 to 200 m (Ref. 106916). Inhabits rocky areas and shelters in the crevices of the rocks (Ref. 4). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high