Malacostraca | Decapoda
Goñi, R. and D. Latrouite. 2005. (Ref. 85369)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); common length : 45.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 76525)
Benthic; depth range 180 - 600 m (Ref. 4), usually 200 - 400 m (Ref. 85373)
Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 18°C (Ref. 107945); 55°N - 14°N, 19°W - 17°E (Ref. 4)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from west Ireland to southern Senegal and western Mediterranean.
Maximum body length: 50 cm; a single record of a specimen of 75 cm needs confirmation; usually the body length ranges between 20 and 40 cm (Ref. 4). Lives on rocky and coralligenous substrates near rocky outcrops in edges of the continental shelf (Ref. 85369). Reproduces in late summer and fall (Refs. 76522, 76525) (Ref. 85369). Fecundity is 60,000 eggs in females of 34-38 cm TL (14-15.7 cm CL) (Ref. 76525). However, Ref. 75369 reports a relative frequency of 136,000 eggs per kg (n=92).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100)