Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Raiskii, A.K. and E.P. Turpaeva. 2006. (Ref. 1844)
Size / Weight / Age
Bathydemersal; depth range 800 - 3550 m (Ref. 1844)
Climate / Range
Eastern Atlantic: West European Basin, Canary Basin, South Africa, Benguela Current and Azores Island.
Deep water species able to ascend to the sea surface at depths of 3500 to 5000 m (Ref. 1844, page 60); Abyssal (Ref. 2100, page 454). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models