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Panulirus cygnus   George, 1962

Australian spiny lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Panulirus cygnus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Panulirus cygnus (Australian spiny lobster)
Panulirus cygnus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 120 m, usually 0 - 90 m.  Subtropical, preferred 22°C (Ref. 107945); 22°S - 34°S, 113°E - 116°E (Ref. 4)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: restricted to Western Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 7.0  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It has lengths of 40 cm, total body length; 14 cm, minimum carapace length; 8 and 10 cm, average carapace length; 9 to 11 cm, carapace length of ovigerous females or those with spermatophores (Ref. 4). The Western Australian Rock Lobster Fishery of this species has been certified by the Marine Stewardship Council (http://www.msc.org/) as well-managed and sustainable (http://www.msc.org/html/content_1277.htm). Occurs at depths between 0 and 90 m, rarely as deep as 120 m. The species are nocturnal and shelter in the daytime in rock crevices and among coral. They are omnivorous. They undertake limited migrations (Ref. 4). Juveniles spend 5 to 6 years in shallow-water reef areas, then moves offshore. They return from nocturnal foraging to the same den or one nearby, implying knowledge of topography (Ref. 106918). Phyllosomata of this species is observed to hitch and feed on its host salp Thetys vagina (Ref. 108806). Brood and pelagic period lasts for 1.5 (Ref. 81134) and 10 months (Ref. 81163), respectively.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Brood and pelagic period lasts for 1.5 (Ref. 81134) and 10 months (Ref. 81163), respectively.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high