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Panulirus echinatus   Smith, 1869

brown spiny lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Panulirus echinatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); common length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length :38 cm TL (female)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 35 m (Ref. 4)

Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 21°S, 42°W - 5°W (Ref. 4)

Distribution
Atlantic Ocean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total body length: 7 to 39 cm (male); 5 to 38 (female). Carapace length: 3 to 19 cm (male); 2 to 15 cm (female); 5 to 10 cm (ovigerous females; Ref. 4). Occurs at depths from 0 to 35 m, but usually not deeper than 25 m and lives in crevices in rocks, among boulders (Ref. 4). Prefers offshore regions (Ref. 81730). Nocturnal (Ref. 4). Generalist feeder (Ref. 101626). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
| FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high