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Panulirus echinatus   Smith, 1869

brown spiny lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Panulirus echinatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Panulirus echinatus (brown spiny lobster)
Panulirus echinatus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 35 m (Ref. 4).  Tropical; 30°N - 21°S, 42°W - 5°W (Ref. 4)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441); common length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length :38 cm TL (female)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total body length: 7 to 39 cm (male); 5 to 38 (female). Carapace length: 3 to 19 cm (male); 2 to 15 cm (female); 5 to 10 cm (ovigerous females; Ref. 4). Occurs at depths from 0 to 35 m, but usually not deeper than 25 m and lives in crevices in rocks, among boulders (Ref. 4). Prefers offshore regions (Ref. 81730). Nocturnal (Ref. 4). Generalist feeder (Ref. 101626). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high