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Panulirus laevicauda   (Latreille, 1817)

smoothtail spiny lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Panulirus laevicauda   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae

Environment / Climate / Range

Reef-associated; depth range 1 - 53 m (Ref. 101593).  Tropical; 34°N - 5°S, 89°W - 35°W (Ref. 107482)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Florida to E. Brazil, including Yucatan and the Caribbean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

West Central Atlantic; Southwest Atlantic: Western Atlantic; Bermuda and Florida to E. Brazil, including Yucatan and the Caribbean Sea. 31 cm, maximum total body length; 20 cm, common length. Occurs in coastal waters down to 50 m with rock or coral substrate (Ref. 4). Inhabits coastal waters with rock or coral substrates (Ref. 4). On rubble (Ref. 97531). Requires calcareous substrate with algae and gravel (Ref. 81730). Scarce and generally found in reef habitats (Ref. 104228). Coexists with Panulirus argus (Ref. 102863) but little competition is likely to occur between the two (Ref. 104228). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.4 - 28.1, mean 27.4 (based on 136 cells; Ref. 115970).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (21 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high