Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 25.0 cm BASL male/unsexed; (Ref. 441)
Benthic; depth range 5 - 40 m (Ref. 4), usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 4)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 14°C - 21°C (Ref. 112669), preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 45°N - 28°S, 26°W - 16°E (Ref. 4)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from Morocco to Namibia, and northwest Mediterranean.
Inhabits shallow water from the sublittoral to 40 m, but is mostly found between 5 and 15 m with rocky bottoms (Ref. 4). Also found in sandy bottoms (Ref. 417). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (25 of 100)