Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 900 m (Ref. 4)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 35°N - 32°S, 31°E - 134°W (Ref. 4)
Indo-Pacific: from South Africa to Hawaii, including Red Sea and Persian Gulf, from Japan to Australia.
Minimum depth from Ref. 96667. It has a maximum total body length of 40 cm, and an average length less than 30 cm (Ref. 4). Maximum depth from Ref. 105426. It occurs in shallow water, from the sublittoral down to 15 m; in coral reef areas, often on seaward edges of the reef plateau; in clear water also in surf areas. The species is nocturnal and not gregarious; in daytime, it hides in crevices and cavities of the rocks (Ref. 4). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260) Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)