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Paracentrotus lividus   (Lamarck, 1816)

stony sea urchin
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Image of Paracentrotus lividus (stony sea urchin)
Picture by Pillon, Roberto

Classification
Echinoidea | Echinoida | Echinidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Koukouras, A. and M.-S. Kitsos. 2010. (Ref. 85345)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 6.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. )

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 90 m (Ref. 85345)

Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred 17°C (Ref. 107945); 55°N - 21°N, 17°W - 36°E

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from UK Scotland to West Sahara, and east to Lebanon. Subtropical and temperate.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on marine plants and animal material (Ref. 113042). Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
High