Trematoda | Azygiida
Environment / Climate / Range
Western Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean. Tropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 359)
Length: 0.14 - 0.35cm. An elongate fluke with a short; deeply invaginated tail. Oral and ventral suckers: close together but separated by about 1 width of the ventral sucker. Deep striations (cuticular denticulations): occur on the sides from the oral sucker to 2/3 of the way down the body. Uterus: with eggs either does not extend into the tail or just barely does; intestinal ceca extend into the tail. Vitellaria: reduced to a rounded lump near the ovary (Ref. 359).
Length: 0.14 to 0.35cm (Ref. 359). Host Specificity: This fluke appears to have little host preference as it occurs in a broad range of hosts. Habitat other vertebrates: blue runner, crevalle jack, greater amberjack, horse-eye jack, sailfish, Sterrhurus sp. barracuda (Ref. 359), Oncorhynchus, Gadus, Syngnathus, Hexagrammos, Ophiodon, Aprodon (Ref. 94010) and Priacanthus species (Ref. 95291). Members of the class Trematoda are parasitic, thus requires a host to survive. Life cycle: Eggs are passed on to the feces of the hosts. Embryos hatch into miracidia and penetrate the tissues of snails where they further undergo three stages: sporocysts (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Trematoda are parasitic, thus requires a host to survive. Life cycle: Eggs are passed on to the feces of the hosts. Embryos hatch into miracidia and penetrate the tissues of snails where they further undergo three stages: sporocysts
Williams, E.H. Jr. and L. Bunkley-Williams. 1996. (Ref. 359)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)