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Parapallene bermudensis   Lebour, 1949


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parapallene bermudensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Parapallene bermudensis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Pycnogonida | Pantopoda | Callipallenidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 27 - 55 m (Ref. 2115).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Central Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology

Trunk slender, long; neck very long, with few short spines at insertion of chelifores and proboscis. Cephalic segment longer than posterior 3 segments combined; glabrous lateral processes short, little longer than their diameters. Ocular tubercle low, apex with slender, anterior-pointing tubercle; eyes large. Proboscis short, with setose oral fringe. Abdomen short, erect, with 2 short lateral setae. Chelifores short; scapes with 1 long endal spine, several short ectal spines; chelae palms short, rounded, setose; fingers short, with several teeth. Palps lacking. Oviger long; fourth, fifth segments longest, subequal. Strigilis well developed, with denticulate spines and terminal claw. Legs very long, slender, lightly setose; second tibiae longest; propodus straight, with serrate heel spines matching those of tarsus and second tibia; claw robust; auxiliaries more than half main claw length (Ref. 2115, p. 61-62).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Epibiotic (Ref. 116112). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

King, P.E. 1973. (Ref. 12)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown