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Parapenaeopsis hardwickii   (Miers, 1878)

spear shrimp

Native range
Reviewed map
Parapenaeopsis hardwickii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Parapenaeopsis hardwickii
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 5 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 20 m (Ref. 346).  Tropical; 40°N - 11°S, 61°E - 143°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan to Japan and Borneo.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - ? cm Max length : 13.5 cm TL (female)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found from the coastline to depths of about 90 m. On mud bottom, sandy-mud or sand. Juveniles mainly inhabit estuaries and backwaters (Ref. 346). In general, the majority of penaeids are omnivorous or detritus feeders (Ref. 105082). Benthic feeder (Ref. 114818). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high