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Parapenaeopsis hardwickii   (Miers, 1878)

spear shrimp
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Image of Parapenaeopsis hardwickii (spear shrimp)
Picture by FAO

Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 13.5 cm TL (female)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 5 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 20 m (Ref. 346)

Climate / Range
Tropical; 40°N - 11°S, 61°E - 143°E

Distribution
Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan to Japan and Borneo.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found from the coastline to depths of about 90 m. On mud bottom, sandy-mud or sand. Juveniles mainly inhabit estuaries and backwaters (Ref. 346). In general, the majority of penaeids are omnivorous or detritus feeders (Ref. 105082). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high