Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 13.5 cm TL (female)
Benthic; depth range 5 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 20 m (Ref. 346)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 40°N - 11°S, 61°E - 143°E
Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan to Japan and Borneo.
Found from the coastline to depths of about 90 m. On mud bottom, sandy-mud or sand. Juveniles mainly inhabit estuaries and backwaters (Ref. 346). In general, the majority of penaeids are omnivorous or detritus feeders (Ref. 105082). Benthic feeder (Ref. 114818). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models