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Parapenaeopsis hardwickii   (Miers, 1878)

spear shrimp
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Image of Parapenaeopsis hardwickii (spear shrimp)
Picture by FAO

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 13.5 cm TL (female)

Environment

Benthic; depth range 5 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 20 m (Ref. 346)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 40°N - 11°S, 61°E - 143°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: Pakistan to Japan and Borneo.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found from the coastline to depths of about 90 m. On mud bottom, sandy-mud or sand. Juveniles mainly inhabit estuaries and backwaters (Ref. 346). In general, the majority of penaeids are omnivorous or detritus feeders (Ref. 105082). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high