Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 18.6 cm (female); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); common length :16 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 80253)
Demersal; depth range 20 - 750 m (Ref. 8), usually 100 - 400 m (Ref. 8)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 8°C - 15°C (Ref. 804); 46°N - 19°S, 97°W - 36°E
Atlantic and the Mediterranean: from USA to French Guiana, the entire Mediterranean and from Portugal to Namibia.
Demersal (Ref. 85316). Maximum depth range and minimum common depth from Ref. 80253. Prefers mud or muddy sand substrates (Ref. 8). Juveniles settle at around 100 m, though can be detected up to 300 m, while larger individuals are always found deeper than 350 m (Ref. 80253). Feeds on benthic organisms (clams, mysids and small crangonids; Ref. 434). Also occurs in pelagic depths between 100 to 200 m (Ref. 92299). Opportunistic predator (Ref. 112170). The species has a life cycle of 2 to 3 years (Ref. 80253). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)