Scyphozoa | Coronatae
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 3.5 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2992)
Climate / Range
Pacific, Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Liberia, USA and Canada.
Up to 3.5 cm wide (2.5 m at coronal groove); umbrella with dome-shaped apex; rhopalar pedalia slightly narrower than the tentacular; marginal lappets evenly rounded; eight adrarial gonads W-shaped; ring muscle continuous; no ocelli with lens; brownish-red coloration over whole medusa.
In deep water (Ref. 19). Members of the class Scyphozoa are gonochoric. Life cycle: Egg is laid by the adult medusa which later develops into a free-living planula, then to a scyphistoma to a strobila, and lastly to a free-living young medusa (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)