Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 29°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 847)
Small colonies are encrusting, and larger ones develop vertical plates that anastomose to form an interlocking matrix. The sides and edges of the plates are quite smooth. Individual corallites are tiny, superficial and run in irregular rows (Ref. 269).
Common in shallow to intermediate depths and may form colonies several meters in diameter and in height (Ref. 269). Common in shallow to intermediate depths (Ref. 269) in most reef habitats (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models