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Pelecanus erythrorhynchos   Gmelin, 1789

American white pelican

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Aves | Ciconiiformes | Pelecanidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 178 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 5.9 kg (Ref. 356)

Environment
Others

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Eastern Pacific and Western Atlantic: Belize and Puerto Rico.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Culmen: 38.1 cm; tarsus: 11.85 cm; wing: 62.23 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total Length: 127 to 178 cm; Wingspan: 244 to 299 cm (Ref. 8812). Coastal; <50 km (Ref. 356). Migration route from northern and central Canada and the US unto the southern states of Baja and into the Gulf of Mexico. Grows a bill horn in preparation for courtship which is shed after incubation commences. Pre-pairing procedure involving complex communal interactions, chases, and terrestrial, aquatic and aerial processions. Extra-pair copulation rare. Embryos are exceptionally known to elicit parental incubation behavior by vocalizing. Mortality rate of immature birds is 41% in the first year. The pesticide DDT in the 1960s caused egg-shell thinning such that they broke during incubation (Ref. 87784). Displays surface seizing (Ref. 356).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown