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Pelecanus erythrorhynchos   Gmelin, 1789

American white pelican

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Aves | Ciconiiformes | Pelecanidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 178 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 5.9 kg (Ref. 356)

Environment

Others

Climate / Range

Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific and Western Atlantic: Belize and Puerto Rico.

Short description

Culmen: 38.1 cm; tarsus: 11.85 cm; wing: 62.23 cm.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Total Length: 127 to 178 cm; Wingspan: 244 to 299 cm (Ref. 8812). Coastal; <50 km (Ref. 356). Migration route from northern and central Canada and the US unto the southern states of Baja and into the Gulf of Mexico. Grows a bill horn in preparation for courtship which is shed after incubation commences. Pre-pairing procedure involving complex communal interactions, chases, and terrestrial, aquatic and aerial processions. Extra-pair copulation rare. Embryos are exceptionally known to elicit parental incubation behavior by vocalizing. Mortality rate of immature birds is 41% in the first year. The pesticide DDT in the 1960s caused egg-shell thinning such that they broke during incubation (Ref. 87784). Displays surface seizing (Ref. 356).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown