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Penaeus monodon   Fabricius, 1798

giant tiger prawn
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Image of Penaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)
Picture by Khan, Muhammad Moazzam

Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 33.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); max. published weight: 130.00 g (Ref. 8)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 10), usually ? - 60 m (Ref. 10)

Climate / Range
Tropical; 17°C - 38°C (Ref. 72772), preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 36°N - 33°S, 55°E - 154°E

Distribution
Indo-Pacific: From Pakistan to Japan, the Malay Archipelago and Australia. Introduced in the Atlantic Ocean (Africa and USA). Tropical to temperate.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Uniformly glabrous body; carapace with well-developed antennal and hepatic spines. Horizontal and straight hepatic carina. Rostrum armed with 7 or 8 dorsal and 3 ventral teeth. Color: body is reddish with darker bands. Brown to blue pleopods and reddish fringing setae.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Caught by pond fishing and inshore fishing. Considered a delicacy in the Philippines that in 1980, retail price was Php60 to 80 (US$8.6 to 11.5)/kg in Manila and Php50 to 70 in local areas (Ref. 10). Juveniles are found in estuarine environments (Ref. 8). Enters shallow brackish water or kept in ponds (Ref. 374). Less of a scavenger; mainly a predator of slow moving benthic macroinvertebrates like small crabs and molluscs. Also capable of capturing more mobile forms like small penaeids and fishes (Ref. 102664). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (17 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high