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Penaeus semisulcatus   de Haan, 1844

green tiger prawn
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Image of Penaeus semisulcatus (green tiger prawn)
Picture by Khan, Muhammad Moazzam

Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 22.7999992370605 cm TL (female); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 374); max. published weight: 130.00 g (Ref. 374)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 2 - 300 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 60 m (Ref. 10)

Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945)

Distribution
Indo-West Pacific and the Mediterranean.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Carapace and abdomen uniformly glabrous. More or less straight rostrum armed with 7 or 8 dorsal and 3 ventral teeth. Inclined downward and anteriorly hepatic carina. White and red transverse stripes present as bands in the antennae. Adrostral carina reaching well beyond epigastric tooth.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 801. Occurs on mud, sandy-mud or sandy-grit substrates (Ref. 10). Prefers marine (adults) and estuarine (juveniles) environments in subtropical and tropical climates (Ref. 8). Forms small shoals. Predominantly nocturnal and buries in substrate during day time (Ref. 10). Postlarvae settle exclusively in seagrass beds (Ref. 84594); Juveniles also seek refuge in seagrass beds (Ref. 106924). Feeds on seagrass (Ref. 84594), diatoms, algae, (Ref. 104907), bivalves, gastropods, ophiuroids, crustaceans and polychaetes (Ref. 104903). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (15 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high