Bivalvia | Veneroida
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 437)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 6.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882); common length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 437)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 49 m (Ref. 104365)
Climate / Range
Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea: Western Europe to Congo.
Species' maximum length from the Belgian part of the North Sea (Ref. 7882). Estuarine (Ref. 104365). Found along coasts in fine to muddy sediment. Bores in hard clay, limestone, solidified mud, and pieces of peat and wood (Ref. 7882). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models