Aves | Ciconiiformes
Lepage, D. 2007. (Ref. 7816)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 78.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84934); max. published weight: 320.00 g (Ref. 356)
Climate / Range
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Culmen: 6.35 cm; tarsus: 4.66 cm; wing: 28.58 cm.
Total Length: 38 to 40 cm; Wingspan: 89 to 96 cm (Ref. 8812). Found along shores and over sea (Ref. 83946); over deep water far, <1000 km offshore. Exhibits dipping behavior (Ref. 81748). Generally pelagic during non-breeding season. Loosely colonial. Solitary at sea. Commonly trail ships (Ref. 91362).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)