Aves | Ciconiiformes
Amundsen, T. and J.N. Stokland. 1990. (Ref. 91589)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 72.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84934); max. published weight: 1.6 kg (Ref. 356)
Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Subtropical to temperate.
Culmen: 5.67 cm; tarsus: 6.34 cm; wing: 26.45 cm.
In the North Sea off the east coast of Scotland and northern England, this species primarily forage inshore and breeding birds only spend approx. 30% of daylight period at sea, feeding primarily on the sandeel, Ammodytes marinus. They surface-feed by scooping prey from the water and also able to exploit the water column by diving. They form nesting colonies with breeding pairs sharing incubation and chick-rearing duties. Adults feed their chicks with regurgitated food (Ref. 95711).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models