Advertisement

You can sponsor this page

Phalium areola   (Linnaeus, 1758)

checkerboard bonnet

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phalium areola   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
| All pictures | Google image |
Image of Phalium areola (checkerboard bonnet)
Picture by Coltro, Marcus

Classification
Gastropoda | Neotaenioglossa | Cassidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 12.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 9.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 7 m (Ref. 349)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Indo-Pacific: from East and South Africa, to Melanesia and Samoa islands; north to Japan and south to New South Wales and New Caledonia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Also found in shallow subtidal waters (Ref. 349). Feeds on sand dollars (Ref. 799). Members of the order Neotaenioglossa are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown