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Phallusia nigra   Savigny, 1816

black sea squirt

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phallusia nigra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Ascidiacea | Enterogona | Ascidiidae

Environment / Climate / Range

Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 38 m (Ref. 107556).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Cosmopolitan.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86424)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Identified as a possible Lessepsian migrant, present at least in Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 85347). It has a wide geographical range in warm seas. Common in all habitats and it is usually surrounded by ophiurans (Ref. 415). Under rock slabs and boulders in the lower eulittoral zone and subtidal rocks. Fouls pier piles and pontoons (Ref. 102838). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 28.5, mean 27.1 (based on 494 cells; Ref. 115970).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown