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Phallusia nigra   Savigny, 1816

black sea squirt

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phallusia nigra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification
Ascidiacea | Enterogona | Ascidiidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86424)

Environment
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 38 m (Ref. 107556)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Cosmopolitan.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Identified as a possible Lessepsian migrant, present at least in Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 85347). It has a wide geographical range in warm seas. Common in all habitats and it is usually surrounded by ophiurans (Ref. 415). Under rock slabs and boulders in the lower eulittoral zone and subtidal rocks. Fouls pier piles and pontoons (Ref. 102838). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown