Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Environment / Climate / Range
Demersal; depth range 7 - 9 m (Ref. 2851). Subtropical
Eastern Atlantic, Indo-Pacific and the Mediterranean: northern Europe.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2851, p. 719); to be replaced with better reference. Inhabits sandy areas from the low tide mark to several hundred meters of depth. Commonly found in tidal swimming pools with a sandy bottom. Occurs at the low tide mark (Ref. 866). It is a carnivorous species (Ref. 96498). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.
Alves, F., L. Chicharo, A. Nogueira and J. Regala. 2003. (Ref. 2851)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models