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Philine quadrata   (Wood, 1839)

quadrate paperbubble

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Philine quadrata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Philine quadrata
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea | Philinidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 37 - 2355 m (Ref. 3446), usually 200 - 1752 m (Ref. 3446).  Subtropical; 68°N - 35°N, 70°W - 0°W (Ref. 3446)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic, Mediterranean and the Arctic.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3446)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 113590. Found on clay, sand, coarse sand, shell sand, rocks and gravel. Observed to contain forams in their guts (Ref. 113590). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.3 - 10.4, mean 4.6 (based on 496 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown