Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Turgeon, D.D., J.F. Quinn Jr., A.E. Bogan, E.V. Coan, F.G. Hochberg, W.G. Lyons, P.M. Mikkelsen, R.J. Neves, C.F.E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F.G. Thompson, M. Vecchione and J.D. Willams. 1998. (Ref. 1667)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 0.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3446)
Benthic; depth range 37 - 2355 m (Ref. 3446), usually 200 - 1752 m (Ref. 3446)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 68°N - 35°N, 70°W - 0°W (Ref. 3446)
Western Atlantic, Mediterranean and the Arctic.
Maximum depth from Ref. 113590. Found on clay, sand, coarse sand, shell sand, rocks and gravel. Observed to contain forams in their guts (Ref. 113590). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)