Mammalia | Cetacea
Environment / Climate / Range
Pelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75906). Temperate; 2°C - 16°C (Ref. 75906); 90°N - 0°S, 180°W - 180°E
Mediterranean and Black Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and the Arctic: Phocoena phocoena phocoena: Baffin Island, Labrador, Newfoundland, Gulf of St. Lawrence, North Carolina, Greenland, Iceland, Faroes, Russia, Portugal, Baltic Sea [Baltic Sea population: IUCN 2010 (Ref. 84930): CR, C2a(ii).], Gulf of Finland, Gulf of Bosnia, British Isles, Tunisia, Spain, Morocco, Senegal, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Bosporus (Turkey), UK, Sea of Marmara, Aegean Sea; Phocoena phocoena subsp.: Russia, Aleutian Islands (Alaska), Sea of Okhotsk, Japan, Bering Strait; Phocoena phocoena vomerina: Pribilof Islands, USA, Canada (Ref. 1522).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 70.0 kg (Ref. 1394)
Found in shallow water, most often nearshore, although they occasionally travel over deeper offshore waters. Feeds on a wide variety of fish and cephalopods; small, non-spiny schooling fish (such as herring and mackerel) (Ref. 1394). Length at first maturity of males ranges from 140 to 150 cm (Ref. 75828). Found in shallow water, most often nearshore, although they occasionally travel over deeper offshore waters (Ref. 1394). Uses echo-location for orientation and foraging by emitting high frequency click sounds (Ref. 96345). Feeds on a wide variety of fish and cephalopods; small, non-spiny schooling fish (such as herring and mackerel) (Ref. 1394).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)