Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 1 - 36 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Belize, Cuba and USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Encrusting, 0.5 to 3 cm thick. Smooth surface with diagnostic pattern of round, slightly elevated pore fields not greater than 0.5 cm wide. Exterior and interior dark red to red-brown. Fragile and soft. Dark exudate when damaged. Elevated round oscules distributed irregulary with thin transparent or colored marginal membrane. Abundant spicules support the rounded warts at the surface (Ref. 85482).
Common on reefs; encrusts dead corals or the bases of live corals or on metamorphic rocks (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Engel, S. and J.R. Pawlik. 2005. (Ref. 837)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models