Not assigned | Not assigned
| Not assigned
Emig, C.C. and C. de Mittelwihr. 2005. (Ref. 1)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 83939)
Climate / Range
Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and the Mediterranean.
This is a benthic species found on sandy and muddy bottoms, coastal lagoons, and seagrass particularly in intertidal and subtidal areas (Ref. 83939). Suspension feeder (Ref. 68823). Members of the phylum Phoronida are mostly hermaphroditic. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming planktotrophic actinotrocha larvae which later sinks to the bottom and metamorphose into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models