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Phragmatopoma californica   (Fewkes, 1889)

colonial sand tube worm

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phragmatopoma californica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Phragmatopoma californica (colonial sand tube worm)
Phragmatopoma californica
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Polychaeta | Canalipalpata | Sabellariidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Sessile; depth range 0 - 72 m (Ref. 865).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Central Atlantic and Eastern Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1.2 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 865)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Size refers to tube diameter (Ref. 865). Reef-building, tubiculous polychaete (Ref. 100429). Colonies form on and against rocks, particularly in areas of high sand transport (Ref. 865). Planktotrophic larvae explore the substrate for possible settlement depending on a chemical stimuli (Ref. 100429). Reproduction is strictly sexual (Ref. 100409). Broadcast spawner. Larval settlement at metamorphosis are dependent on the availability of adult's cemented sand tubes (Ref. 100443). Plantotrophic larvae undergo an 18-day pelagic development at 20°C; afterwards they begin to explore the substrate for possible settlement; it is positively phototactic and an active swimmer, upon development of its tentacles it becomes positively geotactic and crawls on the substrate in search of settlement. Its tentacles are used for anchoring and exploring the substrate (Ref. 100429).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Reproduction is strictly sexual (Ref. 100409). Broadcast spawner. Larval settlement at metamorphosis are dependent on the availability of adult's cemented sand tubes (Ref. 100443). Plantotrophic larvae undergo an 18-day pelagic development at 20°C; afterwards they begin to explore the substrate for possible settlement; it is positively phototactic and an active swimmer, upon development of its tentacles it becomes positively geotactic and crawls on the substrate in search of settlement. Its tentacles are used for anchoring and exploring the substrate (Ref. 100429).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Salazar-Vallejo, S.I. and M.H. Londoño-Mesa. 2004. (Ref. 8159)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown