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Phyllophorus spiculata   Chang, 1935

tennis-ball sea cucumber
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Classification
Holothuroidea | Dendrochirotida | Phyllophoridae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Lane, D.J.W., L.M. Marsh, VandenSpiegel and F.W.E. Rowe. 2000. (Ref. 81020)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 81020)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Western Central Pacific: Singapore.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It lives in aggregations and are found at low tide marks on sandy muddy substrates. It is observed to be partly buried and attached by their tube feet to buried stones or gravel (Ref. 85384). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)