Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Babcock, R.C. 2003. (Ref. 791)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 31°S, 32°E - 179°W (Ref. 847)
Indo-West Pacific: Japan to Australia and Red Sea to Fiji.
Colonies are massive or form thick plates and meandroid in form with short, widely separated valleys. Tentacles are extended only at night and during the day the whole colony surface is covered with a mass of vesicles. Pale gray sometimes dull green in color.
Found in turbid environments (Ref. 847). Has very high bleaching level and high to near mortality of polyps in Palau (Ref. 66144). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models