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Pinctada maculata   (Gould, 1850)


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pinctada maculata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pinctada maculata
Picture by Batoy, Corazon B.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Pterioida | Pteriidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 348).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific and North Atlantic: from Cocos (Keeling) Islands to eastern Polynesia; north to Japan and south to northern New South Wales, Kermadec, Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)

Short description Morphology

Shell rather thin and small, subquadrate in outline, with a short and ill-defined posterior ear which is not drawn out into a wing-like process. Anterior margin protruding only slightly or not at all beyond the tip of the anterior ear. Outer surface of shell, when not worn, covered with numerous, flattened and brittle, imbricating concentric scales bearing slender, radially projecting spines, especially toward the margins. Hinge lines with 2 small teeth on each valve; 1 rounded anterior tubercle just in front of the umbo, and 1 slightly slanting posterior ridge behind the ligamental area. Parallel accessory ridges sometimes developed on both valves, so that the posterior teeth appear double. Colour: outside of shell with a variable coloration, usually white to tan with a number of purple, or brown to black radiating bands and sometimes a superimposed pattern of finely wavy concentric lines of reddish brown. Internal nacreous area with pale yellow to deep orange-gold tint. Non-nacreous margin with white porcelaneous patches, generally alternating with irregular, dark purplish brown or black blotches.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in intertidal rock pools, to immediate subtidal depths on reefs (Ref. 377). Byssally attached to rocks, the underside of stones or coral pieces. Littoral and sublittoral to a depth of about 20 m. Extremely common in shallow water Polynesian lagoons. Produces regular but rather small yellow pearls. Locally exploited for its edible meat, golden nacreous shell and, sometimes, for pearls (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown