Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726); max. reported age: 12 years (Ref. 8702)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 300 m (Ref. 83435), usually 30 - 91 m (Ref. 83435)
Climate / Range
Temperate; 52°N - 35°N, 75°E - 56°W (Ref. 83435)
Western Central Pacific and Northwest Atlantic: Palau, Canada to USA.
Semi-mobile. Opportunistic filter feeder, utilizing both pelagic and benthic organisms as food (Ref. 106925), Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100)