Demospongiae | Hadromerida
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: Jamaica, Belize, Colombia and Panama.
Thick crusts to branching. Brown to tan externally, lighter internally. Surface armored with cortical plates and a pattern of grooves with the inhalant surface. Hard and tough (Ref. 415).
Rare; shallow reef and seagrass beds habitats (Ref. 415) and mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Found on rocky and rubble substrates (Ref. 83912). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models