Gymnolaemata | Cyclostomata
Soule, J.D. 1963. (Ref. 874)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range ? - 59 m (Ref. 874)
Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic, Eastern Central Pacific and the Mediterranean Sea: Germany and Gulf of California. Temperate and subtropical.
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models