Demospongiae | Homosclerophorida
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 9 - 11 m (Ref. 415)
Climate / Range
Western Atlantic: Brazil, Belize, Colombia and Panama.
Thick encrusting to massive-lobate (up to cm high). Brown to gray-black externally, tan internally. Some specimens show darker spots. Oscules with a membrane ( 1 - 2 wide). Smooth, but slightly rough surface to the touch. Compressible and dense (Ref. 415).
Depth range based on Panama from Ref. 415. May also occur in mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models