Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 100.0 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
Reef-associated; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 26°E - 137°W (Ref. 848)
This is the most commonly of several massive (mound-forming) species with a surface that resembles the maze-like pattern of a mammal brain. The valleys are typically 2 to 3 cm long and 0.5 to 0.6 cm wide. Colonies commonly grow to 1 m diameter or more and are found at all depths (Ref. 269).
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. Colonies are found at all depths (Ref. 269). In most reef environments, especially found in back reef margins. Subtidal on rocks, rocky reefs, outer reef channel and lagoons (Ref. 98471). Dominant coral of the understory species on Acropora patch reefs (Ref. 102838). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
High vulnerability (60 of 100)