Polychaeta | Aciculata | Nereididae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS
Martin, D. and J. Gil. 2010. (Ref. 85340)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 87801)
Climate / Range
Pacific Ocean, Southern Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea and Antarctic Indian Ocean. Subtropical to temperate.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
It is found in kelp holdfasts, Macrocystis pyrifera and its surroundings, in sublittoral areas from sand to mud from the intertidal to a depth of 100 m (Ref. 87801). Members of the class Polychaeta are mostly gonochoric (sexual). Mating: Females produce a pheromone attracting and signalling the males to shed sperm which in turn stimulates females to shed eggs, this behavior is known as swarming. Gametes are spawned through the metanephridia or body wall rupturing (termed as "epitoky", wherein a pelagic, reproductive individual, "epitoke", is formed from a benthic, nonreproductive individual, "atoke"). After fertilization, most eggs become planktonic; although some are retained in the worm tubes or burrowed in jelly masses attached to the tubes (egg brooders). Life Cycle: Eggs develop into trocophore larva, which later metamorph into juvenile stage (body lengthened), and later develop into adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models