Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 847)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 22°N - 12°S, 95°E - 163°E (Ref. 847)
Indo-West Pacific: Philippines to Java and Indonesia to Solomon Islands.
Colonies are flabello-meandroid with valleys completely separated. Sometimes living parts of colonies are separated by dead basal parts. Valleys are approximately 20 millimeters wide and divide in frequently. Polyps have mantles up to 50 millimeters wide which obscure the underlying septa. Gray in color, usually with vesicles darker than mantles.
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models