Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 847)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 31°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 847)
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Australia and Mozambique to Tuamotu Archipelago.
Colonies are flabello-meandroid with valleys connected by a light blistery coenosteum. Vesicles are the size, and usually also the shape of grapes but may be tubular, bifurcated or irregular, depending on the state of inflation. Cream or bluish in color.
Found in protected reef environments usually in turbid waters (Ref. 847). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models