Kelly, M. 2007. (Ref. 89546)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 179 - 1131 m (Ref. 89546)
Climate / Range
Western Pacific: New Caledonia and New Zealand. Tropical to temperate.
Attached to hard rocky substrata on continental shelf banks, along with an array of invertebrates such as other lithistid sponges, molluscs, bryozoans, brachiopods, echinoderms, hydroids, and stylasterid hydrocorals (Ref. 89546). Filter-feeder (Ref. 68823). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models