Malacostraca | Decapoda
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 434)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 16.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 434)
Benthopelagic; depth range 165 - 2100 m (Ref. 97531), usually 400 - 600 m (Ref. 106425)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 56°N - 49°S, 161°W - 180°E
Cosmopolitan: Western Atlantic: off South Carolina to Florida and off Bermuda; NE and SW Gulf of Mexico. Eastern Atlantic: off SW Ireland, Bay of Biscay, throughout Mediterranean, Gulf of Guinea, and Cape of Good Hope. Indo-West Pacific: from Gulf of Aden and east African coast to Japan and Hawaii; Plesionika martia orientalis: Indo-Pacific.
Also caught by pelagic trawls (Ref. 417). Minimum depth from Ref. 80357. Benthic species inhabiting muddy bottoms (Ref. 434), soft mud and coarse sand at depths of 176 to 700 m (Ref. 80357). Benthopelagic (Ref. 91956). Feeds on crustaceans (Pasyphaeidae, euphausiids) and carrion (Ref. 434). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)