Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 18 - 44 m (Ref. 2672). Subtropical
Western Indian Ocean, Western Central Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Introduced to Hawaii.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Minimum depth dsitribution reported from Colombia (Ref. 86508). Epibiotic on algae (Ref. 108070). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Morri, C., C.N. Bianchi, S. Cocito, A. Peirano, A.M. De Biase, S. Aliani, M. Pansini, M. Boyer, F. Ferdeghini, M Pestarino and P. Dando. 1999. (Ref. 2672)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 17.3 - 27.9, mean 24.9 (based on 186 cells; Ref. 115970