Gastropoda | Cephalaspidea
Ellis, J.R., G. Burt and S.I. Rogers. 2007. (Ref. 87524)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106791)
Benthic; depth range 70 - 630 m (Ref. 106520)
Climate / Range
Temperate; 71°N - 27°N, 27°W - 30°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Europe. Questionable in Belgium and France.
Deep-sea species (Ref. 107017). Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 105470). Epibenthic (Ref. 87524). Inhabits sand (Ref. 105644). Sub-surface deposit feeder (Ref. 105850). Scaphander species are carnivores. Feeds on small shelled molluscs, forams, young echinoids, sipunculids and polychaetes (Ref. 107017). Members of the order Cephalaspidea are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models