Pycnogonida | Pantopoda
Child, C.A. 1998. (Ref. 9)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 90 - 300 m (Ref. 9)
Climate / Range
Trunk: moderately long, completely segmented, glabrous. Lateral processes: well separated, armed with 1-2 dorsodistal setae. Cephalic segment: extending slightly dorsal to tiny chelifores, ocular tubercle at centre of segment, little taller than basal diameter, small eyes at mid-length. Proboscis: short, only about 1.5 times longer than cephalic segment, cylindrical, slightly tapered distally. Abdomen: moderately short, erect. Chelifores: very slender, short, chelae atrophied, armed with few short distal setae. Palps: 9-segmented, Achelia-like, with few ventral setae. Ovigers: 10 segmented, fourth segment longest, second segment longer than fifth, sixth segment with denticulate spine, strigilis segments with 1 -2 denticulate spines with small single denticles to larger spines with many lateral denticles. Leg: major segments with several short tubercles each with long feathered (with many lateral setules) seta. Propodus: short, well curved, claw long, robust, tiny auxiliaries present, shorter than basal claw diameter. Male characters known (Ref. 9).
Continental shelf, slope (Ref. 1456 and 19). Members of the class Pycnogonida are gonochoric and sexually dimorphic. During copulation, male usually suspends itself beneath the female. Fertilization occurs as the eggs leave the female's ovigers. Males brood the egg masses until they hatch. Life cycle: Eggs hatch into protonymphon larva then to adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models