Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 40°S, 95°E - 175°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia to Norfolk Island, north to Japan and south to Australia.
Usually solitary but may have 2 to 4 centers in one corallite, or in separate corallites. Corallites: saucer-shaped, less than 60 mm across. Septa: sturdy, with blunt saw-like teeth. Colorful, often mixtures of cream, red, blue, and green (Ref. 848).
Occurs in reef environments, or on rocky headlands in high latitudes (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models