Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 29°N - 25°S, 98°W - 31°W (Ref. 848)
Central Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to Caribbean Sea. Southwest Atlantic: Brazil.
Usually attached, but may be free-living with a tapered base. Polyps: with one, rarely 2 or more, centers; may exceed 100 mm across but may be only a few millimeters thick, with tiers formed by successive regrowths. Several mouths may be present on corallites. Slightly different sizes of 2 to 3 orders of septa present. Paliform crown may be distinguished. Fleshy polyps. Color: uniform or variegated brown, red, tan, or green; sometimes bright orange but photographs brown (Ref. 848).
Occurs in lower reef slopes and soft substrates (Ref. 848), occasionally on deep reefs and shaded walls (Ref. 415). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models