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Scolymia cubensis   Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1849

artichoke coral

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scolymia cubensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scolymia cubensis (artichoke coral)
Picture by Veron, Charlie (J.E.N.)

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Mussidae

Environment / Climate / Range

Sessile; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848).  Tropical; 29°N - 25°S, 98°W - 31°W (Ref. 848)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Central Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to Caribbean Sea. Southwest Atlantic: Brazil.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in lower reef slopes and soft substrates (Ref. 848), occasionally on deep reefs and shaded walls (Ref. 415). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

Short description Morphology

Usually attached, but may be free-living with a tapered base. Polyps: with one, rarely 2 or more, centers; may exceed 100 mm across but may be only a few millimeters thick, with tiers formed by successive regrowths. Several mouths may be present on corallites. Slightly different sizes of 2 to 3 orders of septa present. Paliform crown may be distinguished. Fleshy polyps. Color: uniform or variegated brown, red, tan, or green; sometimes bright orange but photographs brown (Ref. 848).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

Human uses


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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Hexacorallians of the World | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.8 - 28.2, mean 27.4 (based on 682 cells; Ref. 115970).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown